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A Tailored Approach To OSA

Dissemination Plan

Following are the main audiences for this exploration, these are:

Clinical Commissioning Groups, and Commissioning Support Units

Network nursing specialist organization staff

Patients and general society

External statutory associations

Department of Health

The scholarly community

To guarantee that the yields from the examination informs practice and along these lines amplify the advantage to patients and the NHS, the accompanying dissemination procedure has been created utilizing proof for making an interpretation of learning into training.

From research proof we realize that examination is most successfully disseminated utilizing numerous vehicles, in a perfect world with vis-à-vis interaction. In this way, notwithstanding giving composed criticism to contemplate members, dissemination exercises will include:

Ten interactive workshops the nation over on execution of good practice rules.

Development of connections with key associations, for example, NICE, NHS Information Center to add to and gain by their systems.

Use of electronic media, for example, websites and social media.

Webinar, Youtube and TED Talk).

Publications including synopsis reports of the examination, peer review diaries and nearby newsletters.

Accordingly, this proactive dissemination procedure offers the expansiveness to contact numerous audiences and the profundity to lead more inside and out interactive work with key audiences, for example, NHS officials and supplier staff to influence frames of mind and conduct change. Additionally, on the grounds that our NHS coapplicants have focused on the significance of getting messages out ahead of schedule, we will start to disseminate discoveries inside a half year of beginning the undertaking with the investigation of the national network quality marker database.

Anticipated Output of Research/Impact

A national picture of value marker plans for network nursing

A comprehension of how quality markers are utilized by and by

Distinguishing proof of advantages (and disadvantages) of a scope of value pointer plots regarding meeting needs, surveying the nature of administrations, influencing appointing and realizing changes in administration conveyance

Great practice direction and transferable suggestions to improve pointer selection, application and handiness disseminated proactively. This will be in different configurations including an A5 cover which has been effectively steered, and PowerPoint slides exhibited as an official rundown for magistrates and suppliers.

A web connection and pamphlet for the open entitled 'What do quality markers enlighten you concerning your locale nursing administration?' distributed among study and non-think about destinations.

Proof synopses for each case site on discoveries from their zone identified with the other case locales in general.

Distributions in high effect scholastic diaries and research synopses for expert diaries.

We will likewise introduce our discoveries to neighborhood GP gatherings in every one of the CCGs and we will hold 4 'learning bistros' to empower strong however basic discussion of discoveries and their suggestions close to the 4 GP practices that took an interest in the subjective period of the examination. These will include a blend of stakeholders including CCG chiefs, CSU staff, social consideration experts, patients, carers, Emergency Care specialists and medical caretakers, essential consideration staff, paramedics and rescue staff, and will be encouraged by individuals from the exploration group and neighborhood stakeholders. We will cooperatively investigate how our examination discoveries fit with ebb and flow practice and arrangement, in what ways they could inform enhancements to rehearse at all dimensions, and how best to make an interpretation of research discoveries into usable and powerful yields. The learning bistros will likewise give chance to think about whether our discoveries normally lead to another intervention to upgrade congruity that ought to be formally tried in a future preliminary. 

References

Eugster, P. T., Guerraoui, R., Kermarrec, A. M., & Massoulié, L. (2004). Epidemic information dissemination in distributed systems. Computer, 37(5), 60-67.

Madathil, K. C., Rivera-Rodriguez, A. J., Greenstein, J. S., & Gramopadhye, A. K. (2015). Healthcare information on YouTube: a systematic review. Health informatics journal, 21(3), 173-194.

Singh, J., & Bacon, J. (2008, September). Event-based data dissemination control in healthcare. In International Conference on Electronic Healthcare (pp. 167-174). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Subject: Capstone

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Assignment 3

Title page

Finding employment after prison

Introduction

The topic selected for the research is “lack of employment opportunities and economic insecurity that make them unfit for the society”. The reason for choosing the topic is to address the problems faced by ex-offenders in getting back to normal life. It is important to understand the reasons which affect the life choices of ex-offenders after getting released from jails. Ex-prisoners are discriminated by the people of society that undermine their efforts of becoming part of the same society. The topic has relevance to the study area of criminal justice. The purpose of the literature review is to offer wider literature on the subject of justice reforms. It uncovers the factors that have negative impacts on the lives of ex-offenders and minimize opportunities of becoming law-abiding citizens.

Source finding analysis

Sources are found from New Jersey State Library database due to its credibility. Chosen library database is credible so reliable sources were retrieved for the research. The database is playing crucial role in helping citizens to become part of societies who have undergone some tragic issues. It also stresses on identifying the solutions for helping ex-offenders to integrate into communities. One of the biggest concerns of New Jersey State Library is to help individuals to re-enter into workforce.

Effective searches were made by entering relevant key terms such as; re-entry of ex-prisoners into workforce, factors that undermine their transition to society, unemployment after prison, anxiety, stress and re-offense due to lack of survival opportunities. By entering these terms relevant sources were retrieved for the research. OI excluded the terms ‘need for recognition’ because it didn’t opened the required sources or articles that I was looking for. I assured that the selected sources are highly relevant by reading the abstract.

Sources were evaluated by reading the abstract and findings its link with the topic. This helped in choosing the most relevant articles, journals and empirical studies. Selected sources are appropriate for the research question because they investigate the issues faced by ex-prisoners in finding relevant jobs. Title and key words of the sources exhibit relevance with the research question, which, proves that they contain relevant data. Chosen variety of sources are appropriate for the scope of project because these cover all aspects of employment after getting release from jails. The sources discuss the challenges encountered by prisoners in getting appropriate jobs. In every article and source the ethical steps mentioned by the authors were read. Such as the sources had mentioned that in studying the perceptions of ex-offenders they were informed about the purpose of research and personal information was kept confidential. Similarly, sources also mentioned that consent was obtained from the participants of the research studies before conduction of survey or interviews. This proves that the authors of the sources complied with the ethical conditions of research.

Themes

Selected sources offer adequate information for uncovering the factors that undermine the opportunities for getting employment after spending time in jails. Miller (2019) studied the characteristics that restrict opportunities of employment for ex-offenders. Some of the factors identified in the article include substance abuse, limited education and cognitive abilities, perceptions of employers about their past behaviors. this source is used for providing relevant evidence about the lack of employment opportunities which undermine possibilities of integrating into society for ex-offenders. Corbett (2017) explores that the possibilities of correction depends on the opportunities of work and survival received by ex-prisoners. The article stresses on the need for finding relationship between educational attainment and job opportunities for such people. It is assumed that offenders who are given better education are more likely to get jobs after getting released from the jails. This source is used for offering some solutions for helping ex-offenders in starting normal lives and becoming law-abiding citizens. The article also reveals that the likelihood of recidivism is reduced when ex-prisoners get better opportunities for employment. This suggests integrating programs for educating and training offenders in prisons for preparing them to integrate into society afterwards. Soeker et al., (2013) studied the perceptions of make black ex-prisoners in finding jobs. The source is used for exploring the experiences of the ex-prisoners that reflect challenges for adjusting to the society. Results depicts that lack of employers trust impact opportunities of job for ex-prisoners. Capacity building is another threat that undermines employment possibilities for these people.

Nelson (2019) identifies the solutions for helping ex-offenders in getting jobs. The article recognize federal grants as the major source for helping these people in adapting to the society. The reason for choosing this source us that fact it provides some practical solutions such as provision of fidelity bond by Michigan Talent Investment Agency (TIA). Bergen and Bressler (2016) identified some strategies and interventions that could help in overcoming the employment problem. The strategy of blue box is focused on convincing firms to look into talents without considering criminal record. The source is used for building relevance for findings solutions.

Jolson (2016) studied if ex-offenders could be successful employees or not. The source is used for determining the capabilities and skills of these people that could help them in integrating back to society. The reason for choosing the source is to find how firms and society can play better role in encouraging ex-prisoners for starting normal lives. Weissert (2016) determines that the firms and employers are using blue box against ex-prisoners, which minimize job opportunities for them. Past criminal records are affecting the recruitment process. There are fewer chances of selecting employees who had been involved in criminal activities during the past.

Jolson (2016) and Weissert (2016) identifies the themes of discriminatory behavior of employers towards ex-offenders. They are relying on past criminal records and convinced to reject them for their past offenses. This undermines the opportunities for getting jobs. Some disagreement is shown by Saunders and Stacer (2017) by stressing on racial discrimination. This reflects that the cause according to this source is different from other articles that only discusses employment issues faced by offenders collectively. This source claims that only black and Latino ex-offenders are denied jobs and secure living after completing their punishments.

Curiosity

The sources that I have found from the database have significant relevance with my selected research topic. The chosen sources helps in understanding the problem and leading factors behind them. Saunders and Stacer (2017) identified racial discrimination as the central factor, which undermines employment opportunities for the black ex-offenders. The source is important for understanding how employment opportunities could vary among ex-offenders depending on their race and ethnicities. This source is used for comparing how it is more difficulty for the minority populations or immigrants to get jobs after completing sentence. Blesset and Marie (2013) explored the realistic challenges faced by ex-prisoners in integrating to society. The source reveals that the firms are promoting the concept of workplace diversity but they have not included ex-prisoners in this criteria. It therefore reveals that ex-prisoners face more challenges for getting works. Flake (2015) confirmed that ex-offenders are discriminated during the process of getting jobs. This reflects that the central causes of this discriminatory behavior are lack of trust and criminal record of the offenders. Their past attitudes make it difficult for them to find jobs.

Integration of different sources has offered adequate evidence for providing that being convicted of felony in the past ban them from engaging in job occupations. The purpose of choosing these sources is to cover different aspects related to the topic. The sources states that by offering education to offenders in prison and job security they are encouraged to become good citizens CITATION Von16 \l 1033 (Bergen & Bressler, 2016).

The information that find most interesting is the need for provision of education and development programs for helping ex-offenders in integrating in society and overcoming negative behaviors. This proves that the restrictions on ex-offenders minimize their chances of becoming good citizens. The analysis of the sources suggests implementation of education program for prisoners that are focused on teaching the strategies for overcoming offensive behaviors.

Conclusion

By reviewing the sources retrieved form the database I have learned that people face significant challenges in finding jobs when they are released from prisons. Worker programs for ex-prisoner had positive impact on changing their personalities. I learned that prison education is an effective tool of eliminating the possibilities of recidivism. It is the responsibility of the state to offer adequate opportunities for finding jobs to ex-offenders. People who complete their imprisonment need more financial and moral support form the people. By removing discriminatory attitudes against ex-offenders they would manage to start a respectable living and change their offensive behaviors. Evidence depicts the ex-offenders who are socio-economically deprived are more likely to commit crimes. I learned that promoting positive behavior among ex-offenders it is essential to offer them opportunities of better lifestyles. This is because offenders who live in slumps or deprived neighborhoods are more re-engage in criminal activities.

References

BIBLIOGRAPHY Solinas‐Saunders, M., & Stacer, M. J. (2017). Teaching & learning guide for: Fighting labor market discrimination with ban the box (BTB): Are there racial implications? ociology Compass , 11 (12535).

Weissert, E. P. (2016). Get Out Of Jail Free? Preventing Employment Discrimination Against People With Criminal Records Using Ban The Box Laws. University of Pennsylvania Law Review , 164 (6), 1529-1555.

Bergen, V. C., & Bressler, M. S. (2016). "Ban the Box" Gives Ex-Offenders a Fresh Start in Securing Employment. Labor Law Journal , 67 (2), 383-395.

Blesset, B., & Marie, P. (2013). The Invisible Job Seeker: The Absence Of Ex-Offenders In Discussions Of Diversity Management. Public Administration Quarterly , 37 (3), 433-455.

Corbett, E. S. (2017). "We Been Hurt, Been Down Before. When Our Pride Was Low, Lookin' at the World Like "Where Do We Go?'": An Exploration of Educational Attainment and Post-Release Employment Outcomes for Connecticut Department of Correction Ex-Offenders . ProQuest LLC , 157.

Flake, D. F. (2015). When any sentence is a life sentence: employment discrimination against ex-offenders. Wash. U. L. Rev , 93 (1), 1-59.

Jolson, M. A. (2016). Are Ex-Offenders Successful Employees? California Management Review , 17 (3), 65-73.

Nelson, D. (2019). Federal grant helps ex-offenders find jobs. Grand Rapids Business Journal , 37 (28), 4.

Miller, D. (2019). Employer Reservation And Ex-Offender Employment Opportunities. Journal of Research & Practice for Adult Literacy , 29-46.

Soeker, M. S., Carriem, F., Hendricks, M., Joynt, T., & Naidoo, N. (2013). Breaking into the world of employment: The vocational experience of South African male ex-offenders. Work , 44 (2), 201-211.

Subject: Capstone

Pages: 5 Words: 1500

Assignment 4

Assignment 04

Steven Solis

[Institutional Affiliation(s)]

Author Note

[Include any grant/funding information and a complete correspondence address.]

Assignment 04

Introduction

The ex-offenders, even after completion of their sentence, face discrimination during the job search and economic insecurity, which labels them as unfit for the security. The aim of this research is to address the problems of an ex-offender, which he or she faces after release from prison. To effectively deal with recidivism, it is important to study the factors which influence the life decision of an ex-offender. It is observed that the ex-convicts face immense discrimination when readjusting in society. Most of the ex-convicts are not financially stable or well-educated, which makes it difficult for them to secure a job. People deny their chance to readjust and overlook their will and efforts to contribute to society. Criminal justice does not only supervise the delivery of justice in society but is also concerned about the rehabilitation of ex-convicts to prevent recidivism. After being rejected by society, the ex-convict engages in criminal activity again. Even those who were arrested, but not convicted adopt the path of crime.

This study aims to analyze the justice reforms on a wider scale as well as uncover the factors which negatively impact the decisions of ex-offenders. These factors minimize the chances of ex-offenders to become law-abiding citizens and promote recidivism.

Discussion

To conduct extensive research multiple academic journal articles and databases were reviewed. For credible information, sources for researched were retrieved through New Jersey State Library. The database includes reliable sources which emphasize on identifying solutions for problems that ex-offenders face in daily life. The most crucial issue among all is the reentry into the workforce. This research study encompasses selected sources that offer ample information required to uncover the obstacles an ex-offender faces while getting a job. Shortage of job opportunities for ex-convicts reduces the probability of an ex-offender to re-integrate into the society and work for its betterment. In 2019, Miller analyzed the reasons which limit employment opportunities for people released from prison. The study revealed that some of the factors include drug usage, inadequate educational qualification, lower intellect, and stigma of the criminal record (Miller, 2019). Another study by Corbett suggested that rehabilitation success and prevention of recidivism is possible through the provision of employment opportunities and better living conditions to the ex-prisoners. This article also suggests finding a link between educational programs and employment opportunities of ex-offenders. It is observed that low education is one of the obstacles of getting a job, so this research assumes that if the offenders improve qualification ad skill set, their chances of getting a job will increase significantly. After getting a job and improved living conditions, it is more likely that the ex-convict will not return to offensive behavior. In this way, the recidivism and crime rate will decrease radically. The educating programs and training will help the ex-convict be prepared for integration into society (Corbett, 2017). Another research carried out by Soeker in 2013 analyzed the perceptions related to a black ex-convict in search of a job. The research is based on the experiences of different ex-prisoners who experience difficulty while adjusting to society. The study reveals that many employers do not trust the ex-convicts and thus, deny them the job opportunity (Soeker et al., 2013). Inability to capacity building is also recognized as a risk affecting the employment opportunities. In 2016 Jolson conducted research to determine whether an ex-offender can become a successful employee or not (Jolson, 2016). In the same year, Weissert claims that to reduce the job opportunity, the organizations and employers are utilizing a blue box approach against ex-prisoners (Weissert, 2016). The chances for someone who has a criminal past, the chances of getting a job reduce drastically. While securing a job, the ex-offender faces multiple problems as society does not accept them. Both Jolson and Weissert identified the criminal record as the reason employers discriminate against the ex-offenders. Usually, employers consider the offense record. On this basis, they deny them job opportunities. However, Saunders and Stacer disagree to an extent with this factor and state that racial discrimination is the reason that ex-convicts are denied employment. As opposed to other articles that address the issues of all ex-convicts collectively, the study of Saunders and Stacer shows that racism is the reason behind a lack of job opportunities for ex-offenders. They claimed that only Latino and black ex-convicts are deprived of job opportunities. The ex-offenders face even more difficulty when judged on the basis of race. Saunders and Stacer recognized racial discrimination as the dominant factor which emasculates the chances for a black offender to get a respectable job (Solinas-Saunders & Stacer, 2017). This research highlights the fact that employment prospects for the ex-offenders vary depending on the race or social background. It can also be seen that minorities and immigrants face even immense discrimination after release from prison. The job opportunities and resources are unequally distributed across different races and ethnicities, and with the stigma of conviction, a search of the job becomes even more daunting (Decker et al., 2014). In research conducted in 2013, Blessed and Pryor analyzed the practical economic challenges for an ex-offender as they try to integrate into society. The research concluded that many organizations and firms are now focusing on workplace diversity by integrating people from different social backgrounds, races, and gender. However, the ex-prisoners are not yet included in these reforms (Blessett & Pryor, 2013). This study also supports the notion that ex-prisoners are not welcomed at the workplace. Flake confirmed through research that ex-offenders face discrimination based on their criminal records when they apply for a job (Flake, 2015). From this research, it is safe to assume that the main causes of denying a job to any ex-offender are past criminal records and an inability to trust an ex-convict. Their criminal record and offense become an obstacle in their way of getting the job and makes it difficult for the employer to trust them.

The sources provide adequate evidence to prove the fact if a person is convicted for an offense in the past, he is more likely to be banned from securing a job. The reviewed sources cover different aspects of the topic under discussion. After analyzing the literature sources, it is obvious that educational and developmental programs and policies, introduced for assisting the integration of ex-offenders in society are vital. The studies and researches also prove that the unnecessary restrictions on the ex-convicts reduces the chances of readjustment of an ex-convict. The educational program for the prisoners, which primarily focuses on strategies to overcome negative behavior, must be implemented (Von Bergen & Bressler, 2016). However, there is not enough data to compare between policies of different countries on the effectiveness of recidivism reduction (Yukhnenko et al., 2019). An article by Nelson provides the remedies which can potentially help the ex-offender to get a job (Nelson, 2019). Nelson is of the opinion that federal grants are the vital source for rehabilitation and readjustment of the ex-convicts. He recognizes fidelity bond by Michigan Talent Investment Agency as a realistic remedy in such cases. Moreover, Bergen and Bressler also provided tactics and approaches which can prove helpful. The blue box approach suggests that employers should focus on the skills and talent of a person instead of looking into the past criminal record.

All these researches support the idea that ex-offenders face immense discrimination and lack of opportunities based on low education, inadequate skillset, criminal record, lack of trust, race, and ethnicity.

Conclusion

From a review of past studies, it is evident that the ex-convict faces numerous significant challenges for job procurement after their release from prison. The criminal record, low education, the stigma of incarceration, and inexperience limit the job opportunities for ex-convicts. According to most of the state laws, employers reserve right to refuse job to people who were arrested, even if they were never convicted for that crime. The worker programs introduced for the ex-prisoners positively impact on the personalities, changing them from aggressive to well-behaved individuals who now prefer adopting legal means to earn. From the study, it is clear that prison education serves as an effective tool to reduce recidivism. The state is responsible for providing adequate job opportunities for ex-convicts so that they do not adopt the path of re-offense. People need even more financial and moral support than the rest, after conviction as settling back into society is more difficult. If the discrimination against them is reduced, and they are offered equal job opportunities, they will be able to start a better and respectable life. In this way, their offensive behavior is improved, and they can also contribute to the betterment of the country. The existing research on life patterns of convicts suggests that ex-offenders who are socio-economically deprived have higher to commit a crime again, and this time, they may indulge in more intense crimes. To promote positive and constructive behavior among the ex-offenders, providing them with jobs that lead to a stable career is vital. Access to economic resources can help the recidivism by the ex-convict who live in slums or deprived neighborhood. There is a need for future work to assess the cost-effectiveness of different types of programs for the ex-offenders. Future researchers must consider demographic factors while conducting this analysis.  

References

Blesset, B., & Marie, P. (2013). The Invisible Job Seeker: The Absence Of Ex-Offenders In Discussions Of Diversity Management. Public Administration Quarterly , 37 (3), 433-455. ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY

Corbett, E. S. (2017). “We Been Hurt, Been Down before. When Our Pride Was Low, Lookin’’ at the World like ‘Where Do We Go?’": An Exploration of Educational Attainment and Post-Release Employment Outcomes for Connecticut Department of Correction Ex-Offenders.” Dissertations Available from ProQuest, 1–157.

Decker, S. H., Spohn, C., Ortiz, N. R., & Hedberg, E. (2014). Criminal Stigma, Race, Gender and Employment: An Expanded Assessment of the Consequences of Imprisonment for Employment. 112.

Flake, D. F. (2015). When Any Sentence Is a Life Sentence: Employment Discrimination Against Ex-Offenders. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2523179

Jolson, M. A. (2016). Are Ex-Offenders Successful Employees? California Management Review , 17 (3), 65-73.

Miller, D. (2019). Employer Reservation And Ex-Offender Employment Opportunities. Journal of Research & Practice for Adult Literacy , 29-46.

Nelson, D. (2019). Federal grant helps ex-offenders find jobs. Grand Rapids Business Journal , 37 (28), 4.

Soeker, M. S., Carriem, F., Hendricks, M., Joynt, T., & Naidoo, N. (2013). Breaking into the world of employment: The vocational experience of South African male ex-offenders. Work , 44 (2), 201-211.

Solinas-Saunders, M., & Stacer, M. (2017). Teaching & learning guide for: Fighting labor market discrimination with ban the box (BTB): Are there racial implications? Sociology Compass, 12, e12551. https://doi.org/10.1111/soc4.12551

Von Bergen, C., & Bressler, M. (2016). " Ban the Box " Gives Ex-Offenders a Fresh Start in Securing Employment. Labor Law Journal, Summer, 2016.

Weissert, E. P. (2016). Get Out Of Jail Free? Preventing Employment Discrimination Against People With Criminal Records Using Ban The Box Laws. University of Pennsylvania Law Review , 164 (6), 1529-1555.

Yukhnenko, D., Sridhar, S., & Fazel, S. (2019). A systematic review of criminal recidivism rates worldwide: 3-year update. Wellcome Open Research, 4. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.14970.2

Subject: Capstone

Pages: 5 Words: 1500

Chapter One-Project Design

Chapter 1

Project Design

What are best practices for students with Autism to learn effective writing skills?

Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees

Institutional Affiliation(s)

Abstract

There are many practices for students with Autism to learn effective skills. Students with autism have serious difficulties in understanding new information, as well as to incorporate them and relate them to other knowledge, and simply reproduce them mechanically They also focus their attention on aspects and little details on learning in TK-12 classrooms.

Keywords: Autism, TK-12 classroom, strategies, treatment.

Chapter 1: Project Design

Students with autism in TK-12 classroom show a multitude of antisocial and asocial characteristics. Through definition, suitable social behavior suggests an optimistic or at any rate practical interface through others. Therefore, there has been an upsurge in investigation that uses strategies with peers (for example, modeling, aids, tutorials) as a means to upsurge knowledge and improve the social relations of learners with autism and other developmental disorders.

Furthermore, to efforts to increase the interactions and social skills of children by autism, more emphasis should be specified to the effects of training in social groups and in school integration settings. These topics are of specific interest to high-functioning students by autism. This subclass frequently presents an intelligence within the average, so the prospects are that their social skills are close to the average. However, many high-functioning students with autism tend to have a rather inefficient social performance (Asaro-Saddler, et.al. 2019).

This study examined the practice of social skills groups in children with higher effective autism to progress social communication skills by their peers. The learners were in a straightforward school, fully unified into a consistent first grade class. The management was not aimed at the target subjects (children with autism) or the same, but was performed generically for the entire group. Therefore, the management was measured as a part of the first grade prospectus.

Background of the Study

The Autism is a developmental disorder that causes impaired ability to communicate and interact with others, while restricting the interests and activities. This disorder has no cure, at least so far, but its symptoms may improve over the years. In fact, the earlier treatment begins, the better the long-term prognosis is usually. This is why specialists recommend carrying out a series of activities and / or educational games aimed at children with autism developing their skills and abilities, as well as improving their ability to communicate, especially with their parents (Saddler, et.al. 2019).

The process of inclusion of students by autism in the general instructive system of education can be successful and contribute to their psychological and emotional development. A variety of inclusion policies that are used in the teaching of children by autism spectrum disorders (ASD) make it possible to build the inclusion process based on the individual abilities and capabilities of each child, taking into account developmental deficiencies and characteristic features of the disease. This article provides an overview of the goals, strategies and methods that are used to include children with ASD, and includes recommendations for using these strategies to develop one or another type of skills, as well as to increase the effectiveness of the process of including such children in the general education system.

The inclusion of students by autism in the form educational structure at preschool and KT-12 classroom can have a significant impact on their growth, in particular, increasing the level of communication and speech skills, socialization skills and knowledgeable level. Most specialists reflect inclusion to be the civil rule responsible for shaping suitable social progress, but for attachment and learning among normatively emerging peers to be fruitful, numerous children by ASD require particular care.

The level of support and support provided should differ depend on the strictness of diagnostic symptoms and developmental disorders of a students with autism, as well as change over time as a function of promoting a child and acquiring necessary skills for learning in a natural environment.

Statement of the Problem

Unlike children with other types of disorders (for example, with mental retardation), most patients with ASD can successfully study in the general school curriculum. Preserved intelligence, good memory, and normal visual perception permit the students to positively master academic material. An autistic child can excel in math, and sometimes be ahead of his peers in this area. Some children draw very well (who have no problems with fine motor skills). Also, many quickly acquire reading skills and learn to read fluently, but, most often, they do not understand the meaning of what they read. There are children who have specific areas of interest that fit perfectly into the framework of the school curriculum - a child can be an expert in the history of ancient Rome or astronomy (Pennington, & Delano, 2012).

On the other hand, autistic traits and perceptual problems are a serious obstacle to learning at school. Difficulties in establishing contact with peers, superficial and specific interpersonal relationships can cause social detachment on the part of classmates and teachers.

A child who ignores peer interests and is characterized by overly intrusive behavior may be an outcast in the classroom. Also, children with problematic behavior characteristic of them are an “unpleasant incentive” for the teacher and become “uneducable”, “intolerable” or “abnormal”. Inappropriate behavior, even in the mildest form (shouting in the classroom, swaying in a chair), can annoy the teacher and interfere with the lesson, not to mention more serious forms of problematic behavior, such as aggression or auto-aggression.

In addition, autistic children are characterized by numerous speech disorders. A child may have serious problems with pragmatics (proper use of speech), semantics (limited vocabulary), and morphology (syntax and grammar). An inclusive learning environment is precisely one in which the sensory characteristics of children with ASD may not find support. A large number of students in classrooms and small spaces can only increase the desire of an autistic child to avoid bodily contact, and even a casual touch of a classmate is likely to be perceived as an attack and cause an aggressive reaction. Many autistic children are extremely sensitive to noise and loud noises. The cries of other students during a break, the noise in the classroom can cause a response scream or cause self-stimulating behavior that helps a child with ASD get distracted and calm down. The loud voice of the teacher or the crying of another child in the classroom can provoke an emotional response, and an autistic student will begin to cry, scream, or, in the worst case, throw things around, push around.

Sensory problems are often accompanied by underdevelopment of motor skills and difficulties in coordinating movements. Children find it difficult to feel the boundaries of their body and are not aware of their own location in space, have incorrect posture and cannot fully perform motor movements (for example, in a physical education lesson, an autistic child runs hard and slowly, waving his arms). It can be difficult for a child to play ball, hopscotch and other outdoor games with classmates not because of social detachment, but because of poor motor skills (Villa, et.al. 2008).

Purpose of the study

The purpose of this study is to conduct research on the students with Autism in TK-12 classroom and strategies to teach them effective skills for their requirement of life.

Significance of The Study

This study has significant importance in the field of psychology. It helps us to make aware about the strategies regarding Autism. The process of inclusion of children with autism in the general educational system may differ from the inclusion of those with other disorders and developmental features. Characteristics such as underdeveloped speech and social interaction skills, motor impairment, lack of balance in the integration of sensory stimuli, addiction to routine activities and a narrow circle of interests can become a significant obstacle to the inclusion of a child with autism, regardless of the level of development of intelligence or academic abilities.

Research Question

What are best practices for students with Autism to learn effective writing skills?

Assumptions

Inclusion strategies represent a wide range of diverse teaching methods, with one level or another of support level and intensity of support, and most of them are based on ABA. Most of the methods include using the methodology of hints, rewards and structuralization of the learning process. These strategies are applied in a complex, the level of support and use of which depends on the individual abilities of the child, and on the dynamics of its development when normatively developing peers are included in the team. The gradual transition from accompanying adults to peer tutoring and self-managing their own activities allows an autistic child to acquire the necessary skills and successfully complete school inclusion. Besides, when included in a team for acquiring academic knowledge, a child with autism should receive functional social interaction skills that are necessary for “survival” in any social environment, not only in the educational one. The ability to defend one’s rights and one’s dignity, to find common interests with peers, to cooperate and interact with them, as well as to maintain friendship and close relationships - all these skills are necessary for a decent life in society and are a prerequisite for further independent life outside of school.

Basic Skills Assessment

Awareness and understanding of the specific features that characterize children with ASD is the first and key step in the process of their inclusion in the environment of normatively developing peers (More, 2008). However, the probability of the presence of certain characteristic features for autism does not indicate that the full range of these problems is really inherent in every autistic child. The selection of goals and strategies for training requires an individual approach and assessment of both the initial level of skills and various developmental deficiencies.

Limitations

These strategies are time consuming in TK-12 classroom.

Students with Autism may not controlled or monitored in the classroom.

It cannot implement in the group settings.

Budget is important aspect of these strategies.

Delimitations

The inclusion process needs the corresponding work of the education team, the use of specific techniques and methods, the awareness of inclusion as a procedure and a great emotive involvement. The involvedness of the inclusion procedure, as well as the difficulty of human relations, does not have a single way to solve all difficulties and problems (Knight, McKissick, & Saunders, 2013).

Definitions

Skills of "social survival":

In the presence of grievances and bullying by peers, an autistic child must acquire the skills of understanding and solving social problems. This task is especially difficult for a child with ASD, who cannot always recognize the problem, and quickly and adequately respond to it.

Skills of inclusion: in the group and appealing the courtesy of peers. These skills can assistance incredulous social exclusion and refusal by peers. To attain the objectives, intensive work is needed to progress the strengths of the autistic student and to search for common interests by students.

Skills of interaction and cooperation with peers. In order for a peer to act as a mediator or tutor, the charge of the teaching staff is to communicate the child to collaborate by his peer - to follow his address his needs, instructions, answer questions, contribute in betting activities, etc. In this case, strategies for deferred rewards, gradually reducing clues, among which the main one is inclusion through peers, are effective.

Developing friendly relationships and providing emotional support . In this case, when communication with a peer is formed in the development of close friendships, additional types of therapy that go beyond inclusion can come to the aid of an autistic child.

Summary

Due to the characteristic deficit in the development of social interaction skills in children with ASD, it is assumed that involving normatively developing peers in inclusion is a potentially useful approach to facilitate the inclusion of autistic children in the general education class. Attracting peers to help educate students with autism offers the potential to reduce the need for constant, individual adult attention, and thereby allows children with ASD to act more independently and maximize their typical developmental peers.

Such mediation consists in the fact that a peer together with a child with ASD are paired to work on one educational algorithm, and a peer helps an autistic child with the help of such teaching principles as clear and motivational instructions, tips and encouragements, that is, acts as a tutor. Inclusion through peers has proven to be an effective method for increasing the ability to perform tasks, the level of academic skills and the social interaction of children with disabilities in inclusive classes.

At the initial stage, adult members of the teaching staff provide support and lead the learning process, helping the “norm-typical” peer to effectively use learning strategies, and the autistic child to participate in the interaction. As interactions between children become stronger, the presence and intervention of an adult decreases and gradually stops.

As an additional type of intervention through peers, “cooperative learning” can be designated. A number of studies have shown that educating children with autism and their normatively developing peers in social and academic skills in joint groups in an inclusive environment leads to an increase in the frequency, duration and quality of social interactions. Cooperative learning groups have been used in an inclusive classroom environment as a learning activity to improve academic performance and social interaction. In one such study, Dugan et al. (1995) evaluated cooperative study groups during their studies in the fourth grade, where group activity consisted in the selection of keywords and facts, group activity, the subsequent discussion and summary of the results of the whole class (Boyle, & Kennedy, 2019).

According to some reports, the most convincing and proven type of intervention that affects the development of socialization skills is inclusion through peers. In the behavioral literature, studies of this particular type of therapy have the most significant evidence base, the clearest methodological and therapeutic results, as well as the best indicators in terms of generalization and maintenance of trained social behavior. The effectiveness of peer intervention is obvious not only to researchers in this field, but also to parents (who describe the significant achievements of children in this area) and representatives of political structures (due to the accessibility and economic benefits of this type of education).

References

Asaro-Saddler, K., Ellis-Robinson, T., & Eacker, H. (2019). Exploring the Effects of a Biopoem Writing Intervention on Middle School Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Topics in Language Disorders, 39(2), 155-190.

Boyle, J. R., & Kennedy, M. J. (2019). Innovations in Classroom Technology for Students With Disabilities. Intervention in School and Clinic, 1053451219837716.

Knight, V., McKissick, B. R., & Saunders, A. (2013). A review of technology-based interventions to teach academic skills to students with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 43(11), 2628-2648.

More, C. (2008). Digital stories targeting social skills for children with disabilities: Multidimensional learning. Intervention in School and Clinic, 43(3), 168-177.

Pennington, R. C., & Delano, M. E. (2012). Writing instruction for students with autism spectrum disorders: A review of literature. Focus on autism and other developmental disabilities, 27(3), 158-167.

Saddler, B., Asaro-Saddler, K., Moeyaert, M., & Cuccio-Slichko, J. (2019). Teaching Summary Writing to Students with Learning Disabilities via Strategy Instruction. Reading & Writing Quarterly, 1-15.

Villa, R. A., Thousand, J. S., & Nevin, A. (2008). A guide to co-teaching: Practical tips for facilitating student learning (Vol. 2). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Subject: Capstone

Pages: 6 Words: 1800

Dating Mobile App

Dating Mobile App

Name

University

Dating Mobile App

Requirement Analysis

The primary purpose is the establishment of an optimized, proficient and user-friendly dating mobile application. Tinder and relevant applications prove a cornerstone to meet the requirements of a dating application. The value offered to the users in such applications rely on a critical analysis of requirements which are listed as follows: choosing powerful color combination, ensuring the implementation of profound design methodology to meet the challenges of user profile and offering the perfect dating match for the users (“Inspiration From Mobile Dating Apps,” 100AD).

Design Methodology

For several manufacturers, mobile applications are the priority because of the ease of access to use mobile dating apps. The prominent platforms are Android and iOS to develop a flawless design. First, the key step is to sketch a rough design of the actual design. A mockup for mobile phones best serves the purpose in such circumstances. The developers ought to think the way people prefer to utilize smartphones. It will be the fundamental purpose which will be manifested in developing a design which offers ease to the users to meet a person without facing distortions, ambiguity and difficulties by using the application.

Final Implementation Design

The final implementation design ought to ensure the availability of the following objectives: personal letters, push notifications, reminders, popups with suggestions and personal notes. In addition, the final design must allow the user to navigate simply. Since most of the mobile phone users prefer to use their thumb while swiping on the screen, touch sensitivity and navigation should be designed accordingly. For instance, the navigation needs to be aligned at the bottom and visible when the user interacts with it. The additions of connectivity features with social networking applications are also essential to be incorporated in the final design. The setting must be configured to allow the users to find the perfect dating partner by considering the factors as proximity, sex, interest and age.

Solution Implementation

The implementation of the final design and the solution are the most significant steps in designing a mobile dating application. Besides being viable, the solution must keep a close eye on the tricks and strategies followed by the competitors. The front-end features must be implemented on the platforms which ensure smooth functioning of the application. From live redesigning to live debugging, the primary purpose must be giving the users a perfect platform by keeping the needs and interest of the audience intact (“7 Best Tips to Create a Successful Dating App Design,” 2018).

The effectiveness of the Solution

The effectiveness of the solution relies on the exposure and the ratings achieved by the application after its launch. To ensure the best results, it is key to critically implement the research design and have a thorough analysis of the requirements. The competition in the respective dimension is vigorous and thus requires a perfect implementation of the final design.

Improvements and Optimizations

The process of optimizing the application ensures that the users are satisfied. The needs and demands of the market keep on changing as per the trends and manifestations of technological advancement. For dating applications, the best technique is to make the user innovate while searching and further expanding the dimensions of the search and match of the partner (“How to make a dating app | Create a dating app like tinder for free,” n.d.).

Conclusion

To conclude, the above-mentioned steps are essential to ensure the development of a perfect dating application. For several users, the primary features need to be incorporated as the availability of several matches, social networking assistance and a user-friendly interface. The bottom line is that it is a growing dimension which must be addressed to make the users find the best partner with ease, innovation and comfort through perfect design.

References

7 Best Tips to Create a Successful Dating App Design. (2018, July 24). Retrieved March 18, 2019, from https://fireart.studio/blog/7-best-tips-to-create-a-successful-dating-app-design/

How to make a dating app | Create a dating app like tinder for free. (n.d.). Retrieved March 18, 2019, from https://www.appypie.com/dating-app-builder

Inspiration From Mobile Dating Apps: How To Improve Your Designs. (100AD, 58:15 + +0100). Retrieved March 18, 2019, from https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2017/12/inspiration-mobile-dating-apps/

Subject: Capstone

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Discussion 1: Case Study

Discussion 1: Case Study

[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]

Discussion 1: Case Study

Starbucks and Metropolitan College

There is no doubt in the fact that Starbucks is all about teamwork and the employees who work there understand the team-based culture very well. The main idea of the company has always been to achieve team performance targets. When it comes to the management that is present behind the counter, they, evaluate each other and give trusted feedback during the time of evaluation. It is the culture of teamwork that is helping the company elevate its performance management system (Salas, Shuffler, Thayer, Bedwell & Lazzara, 2015). The employees at Starbucks work in a manner that they help each other succeed and perform better. As for the Metropolitan College, Julia and Kelly were given a project by Mark Monard who is the director of the Alumni center to computerize the alumni system. When Julia and Kelly were given the project they immediately contacted Mark and started working on it, but as the case study states, they struggled quite a bit.

On a closer read of the case study, one can tell that both Julia and Kelly are almost doing the same tasks but separately, which is wasting their time and they are constantly failing during the process. There comes a point that Julia's car runs down on the same day they have to give the final presentation (Lacerenza, Marlow, Tannenbaum, & Salas, 2018). This shows that the lack of teamwork and coordination made them exert twice as needed and even caused them issues. If they followed the simple strategy of Starbucks and worked on helping each other succeed, they would have both succeeded. The college should have assigned the project to them as a team, by doing so Kelly and Julia could have distributed the work and learned from their experiences. All companies can benefit by hindering the culture of working together instead of competing for maximum productivity (Fay, Shipton, West & Patterson, 2015). In every organization, the employees who are working in a team should be encouraged by the Human Resource Department to sit together and plan, which can lead to creative disruption. As they say, two heads are better than one.

References

Salas, E., Shuffler, M. L., Thayer, A. L., Bedwell, W. L., & Lazzara, E. H. (2015). Understanding and improving teamwork in organizations: A scientifically based practical guide. Human Resource Management, 54(4), 599-622.

Lacerenza, C. N., Marlow, S. L., Tannenbaum, S. I., & Salas, E. (2018). Team development interventions: Evidence-based approaches for improving teamwork. American Psychologist, 73(4), 517.

Fay, D., Shipton, H., West, M. A., & Patterson, M. (2015). Teamwork and organizational innovation: The moderating role of the HRM context. Creativity and Innovation Management, 24(2), 261-277.

Subject: Capstone

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Science Behind Cookies

Science Behind Cookies

Karn Athwal

[Institutional Affiliation(s)]

Author Note

Science Behind Cookies

Introduction

A cookie is one of the widely served baked foods throughout the world. It takes many shapes and depending upon flavor choices, takes on different colors throughout the world. In most Western countries, cookies are part of the morning and evening meals as well. The chief ingredients in cookies include sugar, flour, traditional flavors, and oil. In some parts of the world, there are different myths attached to the flavors of cookies. In different English speaking states, crisp cookies are known as biscuits, whereas, there is no distinction between biscuits or cookies in America and Canada ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"tgfJpaBA","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Walker and Eustace 2016)","plainCitation":"(Walker and Eustace 2016)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":328,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/CTK83UH3"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/CTK83UH3"],"itemData":{"id":328,"type":"article-journal","source":"Google Scholar","title":"Milling and Baking: History","title-short":"Milling and Baking","author":[{"family":"Walker","given":"C. E."},{"family":"Eustace","given":"W. D."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2016"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Walker and Eustace, 2016). However, most dictionaries refer to cookies as a traditional biscuit. The word biscuit dates back to the early eighteenth century when a Scottish tourist to America referred to a plain bun as a biscuit. This is the reason that in many areas of Scotland, a plain bun is often called a biscuit. The type of cookies depends on the baking sheets, which are normally layered and are plain.

The traditional norm of baking cookies dates back to the eighteenth century. Unlike the popular myths about any relation of cookies with war torn areas, cookies are reported to be baked even during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The only distinction between cookies and various other bakery items appeared in the seventeenth-century ideas of plain cakes. There are some food theorists who believe that cookies are related to some sort of Middle Eastern saucers, but a lot of literature calls it the European nouvelle item ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"69w4zIiG","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Walker and Eustace 2016)","plainCitation":"(Walker and Eustace 2016)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":328,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/CTK83UH3"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/CTK83UH3"],"itemData":{"id":328,"type":"article-journal","source":"Google Scholar","title":"Milling and Baking: History","title-short":"Milling and Baking","author":[{"family":"Walker","given":"C. E."},{"family":"Eustace","given":"W. D."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2016"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Walker and Eustace 2016). The Scottish National Dictionary relates different cultural aspects to cookies. The evidence the dictionary refers to is the European and American history. The author mentions that there had been a considerable trade of wheat and related items, most probably, these historians could have referred to cookies as well. Depending upon the formation, cookies normally take three forms which are drop shape, bar-shaped, and filled cookies.

Ingredients in a Chocolate Cookie

The most basic cookies are made with a ratio of three parts flour to two parts of fat with one part of sugar. These ratios are based on weights and not volumes, therefore, cookies are measured in ounces or grams. The traditional bakers use standard scales to measure the ingredients which give them the exact idea about taste with reference to the weight. This weight is followed for a simple cookie with very little flavoring, other than sweet. If one uses good quality butter, it will take the form of a shortbread without much crisp. Some people also add flavor extracts like vanilla, apple, orange, and lemon citrus, or some spices like cinnamon, ginger or cardamom ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"aRlqVfxa","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Silva and Conti-Silva 2016)","plainCitation":"(Silva and Conti-Silva 2016)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":329,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/AS3SJEQQ"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/AS3SJEQQ"],"itemData":{"id":329,"type":"article-journal","container-title":"Nutrition & Food Science","issue":"3","page":"374–387","source":"Google Scholar","title":"Preference mappings for gluten-free chocolate cookies: Sensory and physical characteristics","title-short":"Preference mappings for gluten-free chocolate cookies","volume":"46","author":[{"family":"Silva","given":"Tatiane Ferreira","dropping-particle":"da"},{"family":"Conti-Silva","given":"Ana Carolina"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2016"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Silva and Conti-Silva, 2016). In addition to this, adding an egg or two (about 1 egg for 6 ounces of flour) makes a chewier cookie with a bit more substance, as the protein and fat in the egg hold it together.

In many Western states, some bakers use grain flour to make delicate and nutty cookies. They also substitute chocolate crisps and fats for making chocolate cookies. There are different forms of chips which can be mixed with flavors and flour to get the taste one likes. Chopped nuts or dried fruits like raisins, cranberries or cherries are some widely used chips in cookies since the climate in Western states is cold and dry. The experts of cookie baking use powder for an equal amount of flour and make chocolate cookies. For making simpler cookies, most bakers use egg white-based cookies, like almond macaroons, coconut macaroons or Italian cookies, which are basically a combination of almond paste and egg whites as an ingredient ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"lrZ1Ou0I","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Silva and Conti-Silva 2016)","plainCitation":"(Silva and Conti-Silva 2016)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":329,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/AS3SJEQQ"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/AS3SJEQQ"],"itemData":{"id":329,"type":"article-journal","container-title":"Nutrition & Food Science","issue":"3","page":"374–387","source":"Google Scholar","title":"Preference mappings for gluten-free chocolate cookies: Sensory and physical characteristics","title-short":"Preference mappings for gluten-free chocolate cookies","volume":"46","author":[{"family":"Silva","given":"Tatiane Ferreira","dropping-particle":"da"},{"family":"Conti-Silva","given":"Ana Carolina"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2016"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Silva and Conti-Silva, 2016). Macaroons are often mixed with egg-white beans which are used to beat to stiff peaks with sugar, chocolate, slivered almonds, shredded coconut, or any other nut. It shows that baking is all about ratios, and therefore, one needs to keep the ingredients in balance.

Considering the varying nature of cookies and the traditional recipes, different chefs use other additional materials as well, which affects the weight and shape of the cookie. Buttering, flavoring, using chips, and the usage of sweeteners, all depends on the specialty of cookies. For example, in Northern European states, less sweetener is used with different flavors, typically these flavors are also less sweet. In countries of the Middle East, chocolate cookies are most liked, and Arabs avoid using extra flavoring as well. There are fewer nuts and butter in cookies manufactured at an industrial level in these countries. This industrial level manufacturing of cookies has also affected the quantity and quality of cookies throughout the world. Countries which specialize in bakery items avoid manufacturing cookies on such a large scale. For example, in Scandinavian countries, the large manufacturing units of cookies avoid baking a large quantity in a single time since they believe that it might affect the quality of raw products used in baking.

What Ingredients Work?

Back in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, cookies were manufactured using very definite ingredients like flour, butter, oil or orange flavor, etc. In almost every region, these ingredients were common, except for some regions where the quantity of flour or baking soda was used slightly more. Flour is used to create a dough which is the basic ingredient and can take on different shapes as well. The dough is mixed with sugar and oil to keep it smooth in contact with the surface, before baking. The basic difference in cookie making is related to dough manufacturing ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"CUFs6ZAL","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Manley 1998)","plainCitation":"(Manley 1998)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":324,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/27BGT4CF"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/27BGT4CF"],"itemData":{"id":324,"type":"book","publisher":"Woodhead Publishing","source":"Google Scholar","title":"Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker Manufacturing Manuals: Manual 1: Ingredients","title-short":"Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker Manufacturing Manuals","volume":"1","author":[{"family":"Manley","given":"Duncan"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["1998"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Manley, 1998). Some chefs add further ingredients to the same dough, whereas, some add additional ingredients like chocolate chips, etc. later on. The dough is an important part of cookie manufacturing since it holds the taste of each ingredient well. Any slight negligence at this stage may damage the complete process. To keep the dough soft and slightly crispy, most chefs use butter oil.

As the cookie manufacturing process is different throughout the world, therefore, in some parts of the world, it is baked in a more traditional manner. Countries that have a warm climate, keep the dough more marinated while adding additional toppings before manufacturing. In such countries, they manufacture cookies in traditional ovens which are made inside the ground. Each ingredient adds a certain taste and shape to the final makeup of the cookie ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"ZnS0Wo5D","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Manley 1998)","plainCitation":"(Manley 1998)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":324,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/27BGT4CF"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/27BGT4CF"],"itemData":{"id":324,"type":"book","publisher":"Woodhead Publishing","source":"Google Scholar","title":"Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker Manufacturing Manuals: Manual 1: Ingredients","title-short":"Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker Manufacturing Manuals","volume":"1","author":[{"family":"Manley","given":"Duncan"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["1998"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Manley, 1998). The more modern recipes, being used in different regions, include adding different colored toppings. Some toppings are actual flavors that are added to the sugarless baked dough. These recipes and different baking material being used in manufacturing have created different tastes and outlooks of the cookies throughout the world.

How Ingredients Affect the End Product

The end product is based on the baking material used, the time it was baked, the percentage of sugar used, and the flavor of topping. These ingredients affect the end product based on the time for baking ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"T7SXspwz","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Giri 2018)","plainCitation":"(Giri 2018)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":326,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/SKYWZEQ5"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/8reWiRZH/items/SKYWZEQ5"],"itemData":{"id":326,"type":"book","publisher":"Idea Publishing","source":"Google Scholar","title":"Hurdles and Barriers in the Development of Bakery Business","author":[{"family":"Giri","given":"Ashok V."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2018"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Giri, 2018). The ingredient creates the taste of the end product and develops its outlook. Different ingredients being introduced in cookie manufacturing has changed the taste as well. Similarly, since cookies are manufactured at a large scale in different kinds of metal material, therefore, it affects the end products.

References

ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Giri, Ashok V. (2018). Hurdles and Barriers in the Development of Bakery Business. Idea Publishing.

Manley, Duncan. (1998). 1 Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker Manufacturing Manuals: Manual 1: Ingredients. Woodhead Publishing.

Silva, Tatiane Ferreira da, and Ana Carolina Conti-Silva. (20160. “Preference Mappings for Gluten-Free Chocolate Cookies: Sensory and Physical Characteristics.” Nutrition & Food Science 46(3): 374–387.

Walker, C. E., and W. D. Eustace. (2016). “Milling and Baking: History.”

Subject: Capstone

Pages: 4 Words: 1200

Unit 5 Seminar

Unit 5 Seminar

[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]

Unit 5 Seminar

Summary

The international firm called Banana Republic, founded by Mel and Patricia Z in 1978. The company uses the concept of creating value and satisfying customer through identifying the perfect target market. the idea has been picked after selling couple designed shirt in flea market where the company faced failure but then changed the strategy and got succeed. The company took a new approach after acquiring by Gap where they used creativity for attracting customers to stores.

Marketing cover several steps and strategies to meet customers' and organizational needs where its nature is promoting products and creating customers' relationship as well as it is a key part of any organization. Marketing is the way that helps businesses to create value and satisfy customers' needs and wants which includes customers' benefits. The chapter covers the next topic that is the marketing concept which is the ultimate philosophy for businesses to satisfy customers' needs and business goals where exchange relationship or barter system of businesses is another way to get something by giving something in return.

Digital marketing is the way to develop a company with customers' communication where companies have huge opportunities for success. Business can use and get benefited from digital media because of several features, like fastness, cost efficiency, and ease of information gathering, etc. from digital media, both existing and new business get benefited because it creates communication, lower the level of expenses and helps in productivity enhancement. In addition, digital media plays a huge role in the success of marketing mix (product, price, place, and promotion) like the anticipation of the relation between customers' needs and company's products and services. As well as help to make the product available at the time, market and advertise well and support pricing as well.

Social networking is the way through which visitors communicate with the company and other consumers where the best example is CafeMom that use the concept the most. The most common and highly productive social networks are not limited to Facebook, Twitter, Google+, as well as Wikis and Blogs, Virtual Worlds, media sharing, mobile marketing cannot be ignored. As consumer utilize social media for getting information about products and trends, so the digital media has been found the best for companies to reach the customers.

Reference

Alameddine, A. (2013). Perceptions of executives from seven selected companies of the use of social media in marketing practices. (Doctoral dissertation) Retrieved from ABI/INFORM Collection. (1436276259).

Subject: Capstone

Pages: 1 Words: 300

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