Cause and Effect Essay – A Complete Guide for Beginners

Cause and Effect Essay – A Complete Guide for Beginners

Writing the best piece for your academics is a tricky business. Especially when you have weak or poor writing skills. Putting your knowledge and thoughts on a piece of paper is not as easy as it seems.

A quality is your essay comes with practice and experience of writing it but when you are given an essay type for the first time it is very difficult to get on your teacher’s standards.

Worry not! Free Essay Writer provides a complete guide for all school, middle school, high school, and college students to score best in their academics.

1. What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

Cause and Effect essay is a common type of essay including multiple paragraphs examining and analyzing causes and effects.

Cause and effect essay sheds light on how things happen or reasons of occurring (causes) and what happens in its result or effects of those things. It is a common practice done to organize and discuss ideas in depth.

Cause and effect or reason and result essays are a part of every student's academic writing. Students at all levels get these types of reasoning essays to analyze their abilities and skills to write and knowledge on the topic.

Cause and effect essays are generally of three types:

Effect-Focused Method – In which an emphasis is laid on the results or effects of a situation or an event.

Cause-Focused method – In this, different causes of an event is focused and discussed.

Cause and Effect-Focused Method – The analysis is done on both the causes and effects equally.

If you are new to this type of writing it is important to know how these essays are written.

1.1 How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Cause and effect essay talks about ‘why' and ‘how' of a situation. Everything happens for a reason or cause and effects.

To start with, it is important to note that these kinds of essays are not written on your opinion and personal beliefs. You cannot make up your argument, no matter how logical, and prove a cause and its effect of an event or action.

1.2 Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Choose a topic widely and just so you know selecting a topic for your essay is not as easy as it sounds. If a student is given a topic by an instructor it is easier for such kind of essays. But if left on students to come up with a topic it is probably the trickiest job.

To see if your selected topic is correct to see how well it is based on logic and the connections it is building between the events.

Some good cause and effect topics for college and school students are:

  1. What are the causes and effects of obesity on the teens of United States?
  2. Causes of birth control and contraceptives on the society.
  3. Causes and multiple effects of Parent's Involvement in a child's education.
  4. Causes and effects of gaining popularity in college.
  5. Causes and effects of discrimination on one's mind.
  6. World War I – Causes and Effects
  7. Causes and effects of poverty in a nation.
  8. Effects of bullying on mental health.
  9. Things that make teens suffer from Anorexia Nervosa.
  10. Causes and effects of disability in finding a job.

1.3 Research

After choosing your topic for an essay, don't go directly to the final draft of your essay. One of the most crucial process start after actually choosing a topic.

Before writing, analyze your topic thoroughly and deeply. Take all aspects of your topic into consideration and start your research.

You can follow this easy tip to begin your research:

  • Ask what the present state of the topic you chose is
  • Inspect its previous stages
  • Analyze the effects it will have in the future.

Research is essential to get detailed knowledge and facts of the topic. The research process will help you get a better understanding of your topic and will provide extra ideas in writing.

You can research your about you topic through journals, books, articles, and above all internet. Just read the sample works of others related to your topic and get an idea of how to shape and construct your essay.

1.4 Thesis Statement

Once you have selected your topic and gathered relevant information and data, it is time for you to come up with your thesis statement. Your thesis statement will inform your audience about why you chose the topic, its significance, and purpose of the paper or essay.

Understand how to write a good thesis statement. You have to craft your thesis statement in a way that it shouldn't sound personal at all and the readers can resonate from it the most. Try to provide information like why this topic is important to you and to them to acknowledge and grab your reader's attention.

1.5 Rough Draft

Nope. You are still not ready to craft your final draft.

Now that you have a topic, relevant researched points and a thesis statement, gather everything at write it on paper. Write all the collected key points and ideas and make a rough draft based on these points.

You don't have to write your rough draft perfectly and neatly. Just put all your brainstormed ideas and information, and assemble it. You can write a perfect one with the help of this rough draft.

2. Structure of Cause and Effect Essay

Cause and effect essay can be written choosing between the two structures. Before you start writing make sure which structure to choose i.e. Block or chain structure.

2.1 Block Structure

In this structure, you usually write all the causes of your topic at first, and it effects later. Whether an effect focused or cause-focused essay, this structure can be used to give shape to your essay.

A general block essay include:

  • Introduction
  • Cause 1
  • Cause 2
  • Cause 3
  • Cause n
  • Transition
  • Effect 1
  • Effect 2
  • Effect 3
  • Effect n
  • Conclusion

2.2 Chain Structure

The other structure given to your essay is chain structure and according to this you have to give a cause following its effect. Every cause presented in your essay should be followed by the effect right after it.

A chain structure looks like this:

  • Introduction.
  • Cause 1 and Effect 1
  • Cause 2 and Effect 2
  • Cause 3 and Effect 3
  • Cause n and effect n
  • Conclusion

Either of the structures can be chosen by a student depending on how well he can present his point to convince and affect people.

2.3 Transition Words for Cause and Effect Essay

In order to maintain a smooth and levelled flow of your essay, there should be appropriate transition words used between the causes and its effects. Transition words are used to make harmony between the relationship of the reason of the occurrence of an event and its results and effects in your essay.

Following are some transition words used to connect your cause and its effect. Cause is denoted by 1 and effect by 2:


  • The first cause of (2) is (1)
  • The next reason is (1)
  • Because of (1), (2)
  • As a result of (1), (2)
  • (2) Is the consequence of (1)


The first effect of (1) is (2)

Another result of (1) is (2)

As a result, (2)

Consequently, (2)

(1) is the reason of (2)

3. Methods of Writing Cause and Effect Essays

A basic method of writing a cause and effect essay is 5-paragraph essay.

3.1 Introduction

Like in any other essay writing pattern, the very first thing is an introduction of your topic. An introduction of your essay decided whether your audience will read the entire essay or not. That's the reason your introduction should be so interesting and engaging that people will strive to read further.

To grab your reader's attention and interest, a tip is to include a hook in introduction. A hook is a catchy phrase, quotation, or a question that intrigues your audience. Different types of hooks are used for different essay topics.

Learn to accurately and appropriately use of hooks. You can never address a serious issue like ‘rape' with a joke.

Now that you have a hook, make your audience familiar with your topic. Give a clue about your subject or a topic and state your thesis statement. Before writing, you should be aware of the differences between causes and effects

3.2 Body Paragraphs

Followed by the introduction comes the main body of your essay. The main body of your essay consists of multiple paragraphs that state all the reasoning of your essay.

All of the gathered information and data supporting your topic is presented in a structured way in the main body paragraphs. Connect all your information to give credibility to your academic writing.

Here, make sure that all the reasoning and argument on cause and effect is based on facts. Link all the ‘causes and effects' with the transition words to maintain the flow in the paragraphs.

3.3 Conclusion

Never, abruptly end your essay and write a cause and effect conclusion in a way that leaves people convinced. The conclusion includes your thesis statement and a hint of the intro of your topic.

Never add new ideas and information in the last paragraph, and always restate facts present in your main body in different words.

A well-written conclusion gives closure to your essay leaving your audience convinced and satisfied. After all, all's well that ends well.

3.4 Key Points

Cause and effect essays are not really hard to write if you know the drill. Just stay focused on your essay and try to influence your audience through your information, facts, and shreds of evidence.

  • Use appropriate words and vocabulary in your essay
  • Use transitional words to keep cause and its effect connected
  • State information and ideas chronologically
  • Never overlap information and data.

It is preferable that you dedicate each paragraph to a certain idea. Instead of repeating and overlapping, allot a paragraph to a certain idea that will clear the audience's head about what they are reading.

It is also recommended to use a topic sentence for each paragraph and give headings for proper understanding.

4. Cause and Effect Essay Examples

Outlying your essay is as important as writing it. In cause and effect essays, it is very important to give an outline so that there is no cause and effect left behind to mention by the students.

An outline works as a guide in writing an essay as it ensures that all the instructions are efficiently followed.

This simple structure will provide an outline for your essay:

  • A Hook
  • Thesis Statement
  • Topic sentence 1
  • Cause 1
  • Effect 1
  • Topic sentence n
  • Cause n
  • Effect n
  • Rephrased Thesis statement
  • Conclusion

Following are the cause and effect examples:

4.1 Cause and Effect Essay Structure (PDF)

4.2 Cause and Effect Essay Sample (PDF)

4.3 Cause and Effect Essay Example (PDF)

We don't underestimate our student's skills and knowledge they possess. But sometimes you are just unlucky to not come up with a potential essay. A school student is always looking for professional's help.

At FreeEssayWriter, we can help you with well-written custom essays. All you have to do is place an order with us!.


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