APSA Citation Guide for Beginner Students and Researchers

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APSA Citation

Political science field students and researchers mainly use the APSA (American Political Science Association) citation style. This citation style is a variation of the Chicago style and is specifically designed for a specific field of study.

Moreover, the APSA citation style is not commonly used like APA and MLA. Also, many other things that make this citation style different from others.

So, do you want more information about APSA citation? Then, read this blog and know about this citation style in detail.

What is the APSA Citation Style?

APSA is a common citation style known as APSA citation or APSA references. It is commonly used by people working in the field of political science.

Moreover, the APSA style uses a parenthetical citation system. It means full reference and citation within the text are in the alphabetical list. Also, the APSA’s revised 2018 edition is based on the 17th Chicago Manual of Style. However, the APSA citation style did not include footnotes as the main element.

APSA relies on an author-date system, not the notes-bibliography system.

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APSA Citation Format

The APSA citation format is not complex, and it contains the same sections as other citation styles. Proper bibliographic citation in your research paper is of the utmost importance.

The general format requires the last name of the author (s), editor (s), translator (s), and year of publication.

Here are some main guidelines of the APSA citation style.

  • Title page
  • In-text references
  • Main body
  • The date is always the second element in the citation.
  • List of references
  • Use Times New Roman font with 12 pt
  • The 1-inch margin on all sides of the page
  • Each element in a reference is separated by a period.
  • Write article and chapter titles in quotation marks.
  • When there are two or three authors, all names are cited and used “and between them, e.g. (David, Brown, and Adam 2018)
  • Use et al. after the first author’s name, when four or more authors.
  • Capitalize all words in the titles of journals, books, websites, etc.
  • In APSA in-text citation, add the author’s year of publication and last name at the end and in the parenthesis.
  • Add the page number at the end of the cited quote in the in-text citation. But, if the page number is not mentioned, add the in-text without it.
  • You should include the chapter numbers for quotes.

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How to Cite APSA?

Like all other citation styles, the APSA also has different formats for different sources. For your help, we compiled them to cite them in your paper easily.

Sources APSA Reference List APSA In-Text Citation
Book Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. Title. City: Publisher. (Author Surname Year Published)
Journal or Articles Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title Volume number(Issue number): Pages Used. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
Film or Movie Title. Year Published. City: Publisher. (Title Year Published)
Online Image or Video Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. Title. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
Website Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
Blog Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
Court Case Title. Year Published. Volume number Document Title/Name (Location). (Title Year Published)
Dictionary Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title: Pages Used. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
E-Book or PDF Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. Title. City: Publisher. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
Edited Book Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. Title. City: Publisher. (Author Surname Year Published)
Email Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. (Author Surname Year Published)
Encyclopedia Article Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title: Pages Used. (Author Surname Year Published)
Interview Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. (Author Surname Year Published)
Magazine Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title (Issue number): Pages Used. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
Newspaper Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title: Pages Used. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
Podcast Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title. http://Website URL (Date Accessed). (Author Surname Year Published)
TV Show Title'. Year Published. ('Title' Year Published)

Here is an example that gives you a better idea of the APSA citation style.

APSA Citation Example

Also, remember not only to rely on the APSA citation generator to create citations. Sometimes, they are not upgraded to the latest versions.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between a Chicago and APSA style?

The main difference between these two styles is the citation system. In APSA, you only use the author-date system, but in Chicago, you have to use either author-date or notes-bibliography system.

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